Objektive Messungen

Die einfachste Form von Bewusstsein wie sie durch die Transzendentale Meditation zugänglich ist wird in Abschnitten des Veda, die die organisierende Kraft der vedischen Ausdrücke behandeln, als Turiya bezeichnet. Turiya bedeutet der Vierte. Diese Bezeichnung weist auf die Messbarkeit und Quantifizierbarkeit von Bewusstseinszuständen. 

"Die physiologischen Wirkungen der Transzendentalen Meditation", die R. K. Wallace 1970 in seiner Dissertation an der Universität Kalifornien untersuchte, gaben erstmals objektive Hinweise auf einen vierten Haupt-Bewusstseinszustand. D. Kanellakos und J. S. Lukas haben diese Erkenntnis 1974 in ihrem Literaturüberblick zur Psycholbiologie der Transzendentalen Meditation als 2x2 Matrix zusammengefasst: 

Die von 1970 bis 2015 veröffentlichten Forschungen zur Transzendentalen Mediation füllen 8 Bände mit insgesamt 678 Arbeiten:
  • Scientific Research on the Transcendental Meditation Program: Collected Papers, Volume 1.

Edited by D. W. Orme-Johnson and J. T. Farrow. Rheinwewiler, Germany: MERU Press, 1977. (Papers 1–104) ISBN (updated): 9783883330013; Softcover, 728 pages • Volume 1 contains 104 papers—53 papers on Physiology, 25 papers on Psychology, 20 papers on Sociology, 3 Theoretical Papers, and 3 papers on the TM-Sidhi program.

  • Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 2.

Edited by R. A. Chalmers, G. Clements, H. Schenkluhn, and M. Weinless. Vlodrop, The Netherlands: MVU Press, 1989. (Papers 105–189) ISBN (updated): 9789071750038; Softcover, 700 pages • Volume 2 contains 85 papers—27 papers on Physiology, 25 papers on Psychology, 10 papers on Sociology, and 23 Review Papers.

  • Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 3.

Edited by R. A. Chalmers, G. Clements, H. Schenkluhn, and M. Weinless. Vlodrop, The Netherlands: MVU Press, 1989. (Papers 190–290) ISBN (updated): 9789071750045; Softcover, 788 pages • Volume 3 contains 101 papers—70 papers on Physiology, 16 papers on Psychology, 13 papers on Sociology, and 2 Review Papers.

  • Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 4.

Edited by R. A. Chalmers, G. Clements, H. Schenkluhn, and M. Weinless. Vlodrop, The Netherlands: MVU Press, 1989. (Papers 291–355) ISBN (updated): 9789071750052; Softcover, 744 pages • Volume 4 contains 65 papers—12 papers on Physiology, 10 papers on Psychology, 25 papers on Sociology, and 18 Review Papers.

  • Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Program: Collected Papers, Volume 5.

Edited by R. K. Wallace, D. W. Orme-Johnson, and M. C. Dillbeck. Fairfield, Iowa, USA: MIU Press, 1990. (Papers 356–430) ISBN (updated): 9780923569075; Softcover, 772 pages • Volume 5 contains 75 papers—25 papers on Physiology, 17 papers on Psychology, 14 papers on Sociology, and 19 Theoretical and Review Papers.

  • Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 6.

Edited by M. C. Dillbeck. Vlodrop, The Netherlands, MVU Press, 2011. (Papers 431–524) ISBN: 9789080600522; Softcover, 1050 pages • Volume 6 contains 94 papers—40 papers on Physiology, 10 papers on Psychology, 18 papers on Sociology, and 26 Theoretical and Review Papers.

  • Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 7.

Edited by M.C. Dillbeck, V.A. Barnes, R.H. Schneider, F.T. Travis, K.G. Walton. Vlodrop, The Netherlands: MVU Press, 2013. (Papers 525 to 605) ISBN 978-90-71750-00-7; Softcover, 940 pages • Volume 7 contains 81 papers—27 papers on Physiology, 14 papers on Psychology, 17 papers on Sociology, and 23 Theoretical and Review Papers.

  • Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi Programme: Collected Papers, Volume 8.

Edited by M.C. Dillbeck, V.A. Barnes, R.H. Schneider, F.T. Travis. Vlodrop, The Netherlands: MVU Press, 2020. (Papers 606 to 678) ISBN 978-90-71750-30-4 Softcover, 802 pages • Volume 8 contains 73 papers—29 papers on Physiology, 15 papers on Psychology, 10 pages on Sociology, and 19 Theoretical and Review Papers.

GIven the area of research,the author, the year of publication and the journal this search form yields the the bibligraphic details of the paper including an abstract.


Research on the Transcendental Meditation has been published in 160 peer-reviewed scientific journals and edited books, including some of the leading journals in many fields.

Download a PDF of the Annotated Bibliography of Scientific Research on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi ProgramsCollected Papers, Volumes 1-6. (800 KB file size)

The Annotated Bibliography lists the first 524 studies and research reviews (4,558 pages) on the TM technique and summarizes the findings of each study.

You can search the Annotated Bibliography by topic (for example, EEG coherence, depression, or self-actualization) to find all the studies that have been done on each topic. Or you can search by author, or journal to locate all the studies by a particular author or in a particular journal.

You can also peruse the various sections of the Annotated Bibliography to find out what has been done under broad categories of research. For example, the sections of volume 6, which are typical, are:

Part I: Physiology
A: Metabolic, Biochemical, and Cardiovascular Changes
B: Electrophysiological and Electroencephalographic Changes
C: Health

Part II: Psychological
A: Intelligence, Learning, and Academic Performance
B: Development of Personality

Part III: Sociological
A: Rehabilitation
B: Productivity and Quality of Life

Part IV: Theoretical and Review Papers
A: Physiology and Health
B: Education
C: Psychology
D: Rehabilitation
E: Productivity 
F: Quality of Life

The broad range of positive changes in every area of life, from the biochemical level to collective consciousness, indicate the Transcendental Meditation program functions on the integrative, unified level of natural law.

Universities. Download a list of 211 universities and institutions where research on the Transcendental Meditation and Transcendental Meditation-Sidhi programs have been conducted.

Peer-Reviewed Research. Download a PDF document of 387 peer reviewed publications on Maharishi’s Transcendental Meditation and TM-Sidhi programs, 1970-2015, prepared by Dr. Roger A. Chalmers (588 KB file size).

Journals. Leading journals where TM research has been published include, but are not limited to, Science (an official journal of the American Association for the Advancement of Science), Scientific American, American Journal of Physiology (the official journal of the American Physiological Society), Electroencephalography and Clinical Neurophysiology (now called Clinical Neurophysiology, the official organ of the International Federation of Clinical Neurophysiology, Italian Clinical Neurophysiology Society, and the Japanese Society of Clinical Neurophysiology), Hypertension (an official journal of the American Heart Association), American Psychologist and the Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (both official journals of the American Psychological Association), Intelligence (a multidisciplinary journal, widely considered the best in the field), and the Journal of Conflict Resolution (widely considered the best journal in the field).